For many people, adding a water filtration system to the home’s water supply isn’t a luxury, it’s a necessity. If you live in Arizona, you undoubtedly understand the importance of a water filtration system. In fact, an astonishing 23% of residents claim the water isn’t even clean enough for their pets to drink. Fortunately, water filtration systems aren’t as costly as most people think, and many are fairly simple to install. Here’s a closer look at various water filtration systems, their costs, and the ease of installation.
Understanding Water Filtration Systems
Before we take a look at the specific types of water filtration systems, it’s important to note that most systems go through a three-stage filtration process. This is particularly seen in systems that are attached directly to the water source. The three-stage process is carried out by letting the water run through three different filters:
- Sediment filters
- Kinetic degradation fluxion filters
- Activated carbon filters
If you purchase a water filtration system that doesn’t go through the three-stage process mentioned above, there’s a good chance that it falls within one of the categories below.
Reverse Osmosis: $65 – $300+
Reverse osmosis filtrates water by applying an incredibly high amount of pressure to the water and drawing it through a very fine membrane. Although this form of water filtration can be comparatively slow, it has the capability of removing almost any type of contaminant found in the water, such as radioactive particulates. Some reverse osmosis water filtration systems re-add minerals back into the water because they are removed during the filtration process.
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Ultraviolet Radiation Purification: $70 – $200+
In parts of the world where microorganisms cause water to be hazardous to drink, ultraviolet radiation purification is often used. This system uses a filter that causes water to flow through a glass element, and it is then exposed to UV light. The ending result is that all microorganisms are killed, making the water safe to drink.
Catalytic Conversion Filters: $30+
Unlike filtration systems that actually remove contaminants found in the water, catalytic conversion filters simply convert them into harmless substances. Because there is no need for an actual filter, these types of systems are especially ideal in disaster areas as it allows the water to quickly be made safe for drinking and bathing.
Ceramic Water Filters: $100 – $400+
Ceramic water filters are popular among campers, hikers, and explorers. When using this type of system, a water filter made out of fossilized diatomaceous earth (D.E.) is used to squeeze out harmful microscopic organisms and debris found in the water. When ceramic filters become clogged, the clogging layers can be sloughed away.
Pitcher Filtration: $20 – $50+
You’ve likely heard of pitched purification systems before. This type of system involves a drinking pitcher that has a built-in filter. A pitcher system tends to be extremely affordable — less than $50 — and some brands have made great accessories for these pitchers, such as in-fridge dispensers. For the average family, a pitcher system will last about four months before the filter needs to be replaced.
Distillation: $100 – $600+
This water filtration method involves heating water so that only the pure water molecules evaporate and then condense in a part of the filter that is kept separate from the original water source. Once the distillation process has been completed, any contaminants will be in the original water source, leaving the new water to be considered distilled. And while it may seem that distilled water would be healthy to drink, many experts do not agree. During the distillation process, the minerals are removed, so scientists will often go back and re-add minerals.
Tap Water Filtration: $30+
For homes that are only in need of cleaner water for drinking purposes, a tap water purification system is usually sufficient. Tap systems simply mount onto the sink, and with a simple push of the button or flick of the switch, the system automatically filters water. Many homes have this type of system installed in the kitchen. You can easily wash dishes with regular water and then when you want purified water, all you have to do is flick the switch.
Whole-house Water Filtration: $500 to $2,500+
If you live in a home that needs all of its water supply purified, then you’ll want to invest in a whole-house purification system. This type of system usually tops the charts in regards to expense; however, unlike other systems, this system has the ability to remove microbial organisms. Furthermore, a whole-house system can remove heavy metals found in the water, which is especially ideal for old homes with lead pipes.
The benefits of using a water purification system are endless, with the most important being your health. When you drink water that has been contaminated, it can lead to disease and skin issues. Living in Arizona, you should be especially concerned with your water supply. By investing in a water purification system, you can rest assured that your water will be clean for drinking and other activities.